Project Pioneer Producer Story
Richard & Adele Acton
‘Greenroc’, Thangool, Queensland.
A long-held goal of creating a sustainable cattle business that could support their family without relying on off-farm income has now become a reality for Central Queensland beef producers, Richard and Adele Acton.
It’s an achievement they credit to improving the efficiency of their land and grazing management practices and financials, and in turn, increasing their economies of scale.
Underpinning those significant changes has been their participation in the ground-breaking Project Pioneer, a collaboration between the Australian Government, Resource Consulting Services (RCS), WWF, CQUniversity, Maia Technology, Farm Map 4D and beef producers throughout Queensland.
For Richard and Adele, Project Pioneer prompted a complete re-think of their management approach to their business, and has given them the confidence to make big changes that will benefit their business and ultimately their family. Crucially, the flow-on effect has been that Richard now works full-time on their cattle business, without the need for any off-farm income.
“We saw Project Pioneer as a way that we could question everything that we were doing and then really work towards being able to focus all of our energies on making changes,” Adele said.
Location of ‘Greenroc’, Thangool, Queensland.
“Richard used to work off-farm as a diesel fitter and supervisor in the mining industry and one of our big goals was to not have to rely on off-farm income. We felt we should be able to earn an income off our farming business alone.
“We had a lot of ideas of how we wanted the landscape to look, and how we wanted our business to look. Off-farm work takes you away from it and you don’t have the time to focus completely.
“Project Pioneer has given us the ability to give our farming business the attention it deserves.”
The Actons run a commercial Droughtmaster operation and stud, Ambleside, and performance recording the entire herd, selling grassfed paddock bulls.
Until recently, they operated two grazing properties comprising 5000 acres (2024 hectares) in total. They sold both properties – one near Thangool and the other near Baralaba – and bought nearby, “Greenroc”, Thangool, which comprises just under 7000 acres (2800 ha).
“The new property will give us the ability to maybe grow some of our younger cattle out and performance record them right through as well,” Richard said.
“Previously, we sold all our steers and cull heifers straight off their mum, usually to backgrounders for feedlots. This new property has given us more scope to grow them out and have a bit more diversity and not just rely on bull sales for our income.”
“It has a good diversity of country – it has forest country for our breeders but then we’ve got good scrub country for finishing our bulls and carrying through our steers to help with our performance recording, and increase markets we can access,” Adele said.
“It also has some black soil downs country that we can put into cultivation and put back into growing our own forage and oats.”
The case for change
The Actons had successfully implemented a range of new land management practices on their previous properties through Project Pioneer, and are now applying the same principles at “Greenroc”.
Those changes include time control grazing – rotating cattle through paddocks to allow for country to be spelled at the right time and ensure it is not overgrazed – and careful consideration of water and fencing infrastructure to prevent soil erosion and run-off, and boost pasture growth.
“We joined Project Pioneer in February 2017. At that time, we were experiencing an extremely dry wet season and had a 12-month rolling rainfall of only 340mm. This was about 300mm less than the average rolling rainfall that we would usually be experiencing at that time of year,” Adele said.
“Through our experience with Grazing for Profit, we realised we needed to act immediately and during March 2017 we weaned all of our calves three months earlier than normal (aged three to five months). The average weaning weight of the calves was 180kg with the lowest weight being 128kg. In comparison, our overall average weaning weight for 2018 calves was 252kg (aged six to eight months).
“This reduced our grazing pressure immediately by reducing our total livestock units (LSU) by 16%. These weaners were fed in the yards until they were weaned and then were sent away on agistment.
“The other measure we took to reduce our LSU, and hence grazing pressure, was to pregnancy test all of our cows early with the vet foetal aging the pregnancies so that anything that was not detectably pregnant or less than six weeks pregnant could be sold immediately. This measure reduced our total LSU by a further 9.5% LSU. Overall, these measures led to total grazing pressure reduction of 25.5%
“We got rain in March 2017, however it was too late in the season to achieve useful grass growth. So we did not restock our properties. By the time we received useful rainfall in October to December 2017 we had decided to sell our properties and still did not restock the properties because of the property sale process.
Adele and Richard say they’re excited about implementing change at their new property because it’s largely been untouched and is like a “blank canvas”.
“We have some essential habitat areas here and some beautiful biodiversity we can manage for,” Adele said.
“The property was settled in 1930 and we’re only the second owners of the property, so there’s a heritage with it as well which we think is quite exciting going forward.
“We have a few remnant vegetation areas still on the property and a couple of little patches of scrub vine forest. Through the creek area, there are a few volcanic rock areas with waterfalls that run when we do have water in the creek. There’s also a population of bettongs and a big population of birds.
“Obviously we need to make a living off the land but our challenge is to do that in a way that can preserve a lot of these aspects.”
Grevillea Creek runs through the property, flowing into the Don River which feeds into the Dawson River, then into the Fitzroy River and out into the Great Barrier Reef lagoon.
“We’re only about 10 kilometres away from the head waters of Grevillea Creek so obviously whatever we do up here impacts further downstream and the Great Barrier Reef,” Richard said.
“We’ve got black soil and it can be very erosive, depending on how the infrastructure is set up,” Adele said.
“At our previous properties, some of the troughs had been set up in a position so the cattle had to walk downhill to access them and that would open up erosive areas.
“We owned those properties at a time when we had really damaging types of rain off a number of cyclones that had an erosive effect on those areas. So, we worked to change where those water points were located and change the water flow so the sediment would drop back down into those areas and it would grass up again and stop the sediment coming out.”
“We have a lot of places in this new property that do the same thing. I’d say at some stage in the last 15 years, it’s been grazed heavily and we can see where there’s been run-off and erosion and created a mess. We’re starting from scratch here but at least we know what works and what doesn’t work,” Richard said.
“At our previous place, the fencing allowed us to cell graze more often. We could move our cattle around as soon as our groundcover was getting down to the threshold that we like to, enabling us to move them on and spell areas a lot more.
“We’re moving towards rotational grazing here, and we’re looking at setting up our waters to make sure that we’re utilising our pastures without overgrazing any areas.
“At the moment, all the water points on the new property are all very centralised at one spot, so one area is getting really hammered. We’ve got a lot of work to do with our fences and waters, but right now we’re looking at how we plan them out to best utilise our different land types so that particular areas in a paddock don’t get flogged and we’ll be able to move back into our rotational grazing systems, which we were doing.”
In tackling the often-daunting prospect of implementing change, Richard and Adele said Project Pioneer had provided them with the tools, confidence and ongoing support to make big decisions.
After completing the RCS Grazing for Profit School, they moved on to RCS Next Steps and are now part of the Executive Link program.
“The Next Steps process was important because it gave us a mentor who was encouraging us to make sure we were moving along. It’s a coaching/mentor type program which contained modules of grazing management and business management,” Adele said.
“It was challenging to get over our own fear and thoughts and restrictions on ourselves in terms of what we thought we could or couldn’t do. It was challenging to sell off a place we and our family were comfortable living on and try to take the next step. We were trying to get our head around it for 12 months that it was going to work for us, before we made that step.”
The Actons said while they’re now seeing the positive impacts of Project Pioneer, they were initially reluctant to become involved.
“We were nervous that we couldn’t take the time out from our lives and we had too much else to do, but it probably it is one of the most positive things we’ve been involved in for our business,” Adele said.
“Rather than dancing around and being stressed all the time, it has helped us sort out our goals and start in that direction.
“We certainly feel like we’ve come a long way through it and we’re very excited about the future.”
Solid support network
Now they’re in the RCS Executive Link program, the Actons are in regular contact with other beef producers who are also involved in the Project.
“We meet with them every four months and regularly phone and email each other,” Richard said.
“Confidentiality is very high – everyone is trusting, and open and nothing is off the table. Everyone is supportive of each other and their goals.
“Being in contact with other businesses like ours enables us to nut out things and come up with hopefully innovative ideas about how we deal with some of the really challenging problems that farmers are faced with.”
“It’s invigorating. When it’s dry or there’s drought, it can get you down, but talking to some of the people involved in Project Pioneer, they’re very energetic and it keeps you going. It acts as a bit of peer pressure as well. When the going gets tough, you have a yarn and away you go again.”
“You learn so much, it’s a different way of approaching things. You can take little bits from here and there, rather than trying to work through it all yourself,” Adele said.
“For example, if our costs for supplements are getting a bit high, we can compare what other business are doing and have that inform our decisions.
“It’s a unique environment that was challenging to enter into at the start but it certainly has opened a lot of doors for us and given us access to information that generally would not be available to us.”
‘Give it a go’
For other producers contemplating working with RCS, Richard and Adele’s advice is simple – give it a go.
“Don’t be close-minded. Be willing to listen, try new things, make changes and diversify,” Richard said.
“If you don’t like it, you can go back to what you were doing.
“We were implementing a lot of the changes at our previous properties and we have a plan for our new place. What we would like to do will happen – Rome wasn’t built in a day.”
“I think it’s very important as beef producers that we start putting a more positive message across as a group to society because I think what society wants is how we need to manage our country and that is changing incredibly,” Adele said.
“There are so many other public outcomes that we are required to manage for. I honestly am a true believer that we can balance agriculture with our ecological needs, but I think it’s a matter of challenging how we’ve done things a little bit in the past and that’s what we’re doing.”
Images: Kent Ward
With funding through the Reef Trust Phase Three Investment Programme, the Australian Government appointed RCS to deliver the 2016-2019 stage of Project Pioneer – Innovation in Grazing Management, which has supported graziers to innovate land management practices and decrease sediment run-off across high priority grazing lands within Great Barrier Reef catchments. The project is supported by WWF, CQUniversity, Maia Technology and Farm Map 4D.